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Early listening equipment

  At least a dozen different acoustic location equipment's for aeroplanes from different countries were in the 1920's available on the military market. They served as said as supplement to visual means preceding the use of artillery.

These equipments contained most times four sound pick-up elements such as curved shells or horns used in pairs. Two elements at a fixed mutual distance were adjusted in the horizontal plane for the determination of the chart angle and the remaining two in the vertical plane for the measurement of elevation.

The transport of sound from each element of a pair to a corresponding pair of human ears was carried out by means of metal or rubber tubes. Each pair is adjusted in the correct direction when the two ears receive the sound signals at the same time. To increase the change of the time difference in sound reception the elements of each pair were placed at large mutual distance.

France Listening equipment
Listening equipment and field glasses for airships (left)
and search light at the right (France)
(full size 264 KB)

An example of early acoustic listening equipment is on display at the Canadian War Museum in Ottawa. It is a British MK 1 Sound Locator by A.W. Gamage Ltd.

Listening equipment, Czechoslovakia
Listening equipment with receiving
shells (Czechoslovakia)
(full size 260 KB)

Listening equipment, U.S.A.
Listening equipment with
horns (U.S.A.)
(full size 379 KB)


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